Endemic Bird Tour snap shot
Endemic Bird Tour snap shot

Tour Period: 17th – 24th of July 2023

Team: China Bird Twitcher

Team Size: 6 Members

Day 01: 17th of July

Early in the morning around 0545h the team Zigma Tours reached the airport to welcome the bird watching team to Sri Lanka. At around 0630h Mr. Liu Jianguo, Mr. Yin Li, Ms. Bao Dongni, Ms. Liu Zhuo and Ms. Fan Wenjing were warmly welcomed by the operation director Zigma Tours, the travel wing of the ECOARCH. 

Since the entire Chinese bird watching team is fully enthusiastic about bird watching, we directly travel to Colombo, the world’s first RAMSAR wetland city to observe birds at Diyasaru wetland park. We were able to enter the wetland park at 0700h with superb timing of our tour driver Mr. Priyantha. Our team begins to excite by looking at wetland birds such close proximities where you can photograph a Lesser-whistling Teal at the distance of 5 m.

Birding at Diyasaru Wetland Park
Birding at Diyasaru Wetland Park

Actually, the Diyasaru wetland park is a brilliant location to start a birding tour if you are in Colombo. We spent there for nearly 3.5 hours yielding 39 species of common wetland birds and other wetland and urban associated birds with superb photographic opportunities. Here our birding group ticked their first endemic bird in Sri Lanka the Sri Lanka Barbet.

Having Breakfast at Diyasaru Park
Having Breakfast at Diyasaru Park

After spending much time on birding, we got our breakfast at Bakery at The Lake where our clients got firsthand experience in Sri Lankan traditional food, milk rice “Kiribath” with spicy “Lunumiris”.

It was a late breakfast and then we left Colombo to check at Serendib Village Rest House. After a 2 hour rest, we then moved to Anawilundawa Bird Sanctuary, another Ramsar site. At this site our team was able to see not only birds but also butterflies and some common mammals. We considered Anawilundawa as one of our locations to target Sri Lanka Wood shrike but we were unable to spot one at this location.

Birding at Anawilundawa RAMSAR site
Birding at Anawilundawa RAMSAR site

There were plenty of opportunities to capture stunning photographs including sunset at this location and around 1830h we left the site to return to Negombo. On the way back we were able to spot an electrocuted Grey Slender Loris (Loris lydekkerianus), a nocturnal small primate in the dry zone of Sri Lanka.

Then we returned back to the hotel where we spent that night it was a nice location with a small canal flowing aside of the hotel because of that our clients were able to photograph the biggest kingfisher in Sri Lanka the Stork-billed Kingfisher, further we were lucky enough to observe the mating of White-throated Kingfisher at the next morning.

Day 02: 18th of July 

Serendib Village Rest House is a cool and nice hotel perfect for bird watchers who need to hang around in the Negombo area. You can see common birds including White-throated Kingfisher, Stork-billed Kingfisher, Rose-ringed Parakeet and Oriental Magpie Robin while enjoying your breakfast. After a delicious breakfast we left Negombo to Kithulgala.

Having Breakfast at Negombo
Having Breakfast at Negombo
Birding at Negombo
Birding at Negombo

On the way we stopped at Seethawaka Botanic Garden because last day we missed the target endemic bird, the Sri Lanka Wood shrike, so Seethawaka Botanic Garden is a possible place to put a tick for the Wood shrike. 

As we hoped we photographed the Sri Lanka WoodShrike with many more other birds, we were able to see the Sri Lanka Swallow and Sri Lanka Lesser flareback with an endemic bird list increased up to four within the first 48 hours. Among the other notable species were Chestnut-headed Bee-eater, Tickle’s Blue Flycatcher, Oriental White-eye, Orange Minivet, Bar-winged Flycatcher Shrike and Velvet-fronted Nuthatch.

Chestnut-headed Bee-eater
Chestnut-headed Bee-eater
White-browed Fantail
White-browed Fantail
Indian Robin
Indian Robin
Tickell's Blue Flycatcher
Tickell’s Blue Flycatcher
Sri Lanka Woodshrike
Sri Lanka Woodshrike
Orange Minivet
Orange Minivet
Indian White-eye
Indian White-eye
Black-headed Cuckooshrike
Black-headed Cuckooshrike

Seethawaka Botanical Garden is a recently established botanic garden to resemble the low country wet zone landscape and it contributes to conservation of many plant species by propagating and maintaining nurseries to ensure the continued supply of saplings for restoration projects island wide.

Lake View of Seethawaka Botanical Garden
Lake View of Seethawaka Botanical Garden
Bird Photography at Seethawaka Botanical Garden
Birding at Seethawaka Botanical Garden

Once we are done with the birding in the first botanic garden in the itinerary, we directly go to Kithulagala rest house to get our lunch. It was a little bit late when we had our lunch as we had spent nearly 2 hours in the Seethawaka Botanic Garden.

Kitulgala area is very famous for two things (outside birding), one is for white water rafting and the other thing is it was the location which was selected to shoot a popular film in 1980 “The Bridge on the river Kwai”.

Kelani River at Kithulgala
Kelani River at Kithulgala

After lunch our birding team enjoyed the scenic beauty of the Kithulgala landscapes and some of them already started birding at the hotel premises.

Even at the hotel premises we were able to observe and photograph several endemic birds including Sri Lanka Emerald-collared Parakeet, Sri Lanka Green Pigeon, Sri Lanka Legg’s Flower Pecker/ White-throated Flowerpecker and Sri Lanka Hanging Parrot. Because there was an Oil Palm tree full of ripped fruits and most of the frugivorous birds gathered on the tree to feed on the fruits. Our team was lucky enough to see four endemic bird species in one spot.

Day 03: 19th of July

Early in the morning we observed two White-bellied Sea-Eagles roost on the Dipterocarp tree just next to the hotel and also the Common Kingfisher. After breakfast we crossed the Kelani River by boat and reached the other bank.

Because it rained last night the river flow was a bit fast. But it was quite an experience for the birding team, and they were amazed by the boatmen as he is well capable of riding it on the rapid flow.

As soon as we entered the village area there were plenty of different bird species common to wet zone landscapes. All of a sudden we encountered an average flock of Sri Lanka Orange-billed Babblers and I counted 14 individuals. We never expected to get Orange-billed Babbler this soon.

Birding at Kithulgala Village
Birding at Kithulgala Village

Then we walked along the road towards the entrance of Makandawa Forest Reserve, where Makandawa Forest Reserve and Parawalathanna village area are very famous among the birders as a perfect location for bird photography, because most of the forest bird species are easy to observe in the village setup compared to the forest inside. 

Birding at Kithulgala Village
Birding at Kithulgala Village

Because in Sri Lanka most of the village areas have almost similar tree cover with tall trees (mostly filled with fruit species such as Durian, rambutan, mango etc.) where superficially looks like a forest. These types of well wooded home gardens are refugia for many forest species when they have to face habitat destruction done by people. And also, with many freshwater streams and a river are located in the Parawalathenna village area which gives a mixture of different microhabitats to cater many types of bird species.

When we entered into the forest we spotted an endemic Sri Lanka Spot winged Thrush just few meters away from the entrance point. It was gently hopping on the ground and searching for food. Then we saw one individual of Tickell’s Blue Flycatcher which was ringed by me during my PhD research. We walked 400 m into the inner areas of the rainforest along the nature trail and turned to a left-hand side trail to do the circular loop walk which will end up in the village thus we don’t have to return on the same trail. It was a bit challenging trail with moderate climb at the first half of the length. 

Birding at Kithulgala Rain Forest
Birding at Kithulgala Rain Forest

However, we were lucky to choose this path because we encountered a mixed species bird flock in the Makandawa rainforest which is not often seen by most of the bird watchers coming here. In that mixed species bird flock, we observed Black Bulbul, Sri Lanka Crested Drongo, Sri Lanka Scimitar Babbler, Sri Lanka Red-faced Malkoha, Malabar Trogon, Yellow-browed Bulbul, Sri Lanka Yellow-fronted Barbet, Black-napped Monarch, Common Iora, Leggs’s Flowerpecker, Sri Lanka Gray Hornbill, Sri Lanka Crimson-backed Flameback, Sri Lanka Red-backed Flameback, Orange Minivet, Bar-winged Flycatcher Shrike, Jerdon’s Leafbird, and we heard the call of White-faced Starling.    

Once we came out from the rainforest, we got a small rain shower and went into a nearby temple to get some cover. We spent approximately 40 mins at the temple until the rain stopped and our team was busy with removing leeches on the leech socks. 

After that we went to a nice village home to have a nice coffee. Mr. Ashoka was the homeowner who is a keen bird watcher at the village and he told us that there was an active nest of Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher/ The black-backed Kingfisher, one of the most beautiful kingfishers in Sri Lanka. So, we kept our safe distance from the nest because Mr. Ashoka had already provided a perfect hideout to photograph the kingfisher without disturbing its natural behaviors. Unfortunately, only one member of our team got a chance to photograph a male kingfisher with a skink on its beak. 

Among the bird species we observed in the village setup Sri Lanka Hanging Parrot, nesting pair of Hill Mynas, Red-vented Bulbul, Indian White-eye, Greater Coucal, Crested Treeswifts, Spotted dove, Green Imperial Pigeon, Emerald Dove, Yellow-billed Babbler, Indian Swiftlet, and Pale-billed Flower Pecker were common. We observed one Shikra, and a pair of Velvet-fronted Nuthatch as well.

Mr. Ashoka requested us to stay until night falls because he wants to try for nocturnal birding to spot some owl species. Enthought we were a bit tired, our team decided to give it a try. So, we spent one and half hours in a densely vegetated area where Mr. Ashoka has seen endemic Chestnut-backed Owlet and Ceylon Frogmouth several times. But we were unable to see any of the nocturnal birds during that short time and our team requested that I go back to the hotel for rest.

So, we cross the Kelani River in the night on the boat to reach the other bank of the river and after a nice and delicious dinner with authentic Sri Lankan desert (Curd and Kithul treacle). We all went to get a nice rest and sleep.

Delicious salad before the dinner at Kithulgala
Delicious salad before the dinner at Kithulgala

Day 04: 20th of July

We woke up around 6 AM and went birding around the hotel premises until our breakfast was ready. Once we finished our breakfast, we checked out and headed towards Nuwara Eliya. On the way we stopped at St. Clair’s Falls; one of the widest waterfalls in Sri Lanka and is commonly known as the “Little Niagara of Sri Lanka”. 

Short refreshment with Ceylon Tea (On the way to Nuwara Eliya)
Short refreshment with Ceylon Tea (On the way to Nuwara Eliya)

We had a nice Ceylon Tea and cool refreshment break while enjoying the scenic beauty of the surrounding. Since we arrived a bit early to Nuwara Eliya we decided to explore Galway’s National Park which is one of the small national parks in Sri Lanka. 

Birding at Galways National Park
Birding at Galways National Park

Here our team got to experience the highland rainforest habitat. It holds a unique set of birds which can be only found in the highland of Sri Lanka. Few of those bird species we observed in this park were Gray-headed Canary Flycatcher and Sri Lanka White-eye. Further we were lucky enough to photograph the endemic Sri Lanka Scimitar Babbler at close proximity. 

Sri Lanka Scimitar Babbler
Sri Lanka Scimitar Babbler
Grey-headed Canary Flycatcher
Grey-headed Canary Flycatcher

Among the other birds we saw in this National Park were Jungle Crow, Bar-winged Flycatcher Shrike, Velvet-fronted Nuthatch, Sri Lanka Yellow-eared Bulbul, Sri Lanka Dull-blue Flycatcher, Sri Lanka Crimson backed Flameback, and Greater Coucal.

After birding in Galway’s National Park, we headed to Heaven Seven Hotel for lunch and rest until the evening birding session. Even during the lunch time our team was able to see House Sparrow, Hill Swallow, Rock Pigeon, and Oriental Magpie Robin. At around 3.30 PM we went to Hakgala Botanic Garden.

Birding at Hakgala Botanical Garden
Birding at Hakgala Botanical Garden

At the Hakgala Botanic Garden the main target was the endemic Sri Lanka Wood Pigeon. We were super lucky to observe a pair of Wood Pigeons resting on a branch and it was located at the edge trail closer to the Hakgala SNR border. Since the pair were resting all the members of our birding team were able to see the elusive endemic bird and photograph it. Besides the Wood Pigeon we were able to observe Great Tit, Spotted Dove, Sri Lanka White-eye, Sri Lanka Yellow-eared Bulbul, and Sri Lanka Dull-blue Flycatcher.

Birding at Hakgala Botanical Garden
Birding at Hakgala Botanical Garden

Furthermore, our team got a super cool experience where they saw the endemic primate, the Sri Lanka Purple-faced Leaf Monkey’s subspecies confined to the mountain zone, the Bear Monkey. There were about six individuals in that troop we observed and they found to be quite used to humans as they are not afraid of us. At about 5.30 PM we left the botanic garden and reached Nuwara Eliya town. Few of our team members enjoyed the town and some of them did some shopping as well. After that we went back to the hotel and rested.

Sri Lanka Purple-faced Leaf Monkey
Sri Lanka Purple-faced Leaf Monkey (Endemic to Sri Lanka)

Day 05: 21st of July

Early in the morning we checked out from the hotel because today we have to go to Sinharaja. Because of that and there is another challenging endemic target bird to see in the Horton Plains National Park, we had to reach the Horton Plains National Park as early as possible in the morning. 

Birding at Horton Plains National Park
Birding at Horton Plains National Park

So, we left the hotel at 5.30 AM and reached Horton Plain at 6 AM. As we hoped, I heard the faint whistle type call several times when we stopped at the Aranga pool area. And suddenly a well grown male bird appeared from the forest and parched on a branch and started singing. 

Sri Lanka Whistling Thrush (Aranga)
Sri Lanka Whistling Thrush (Aranga)

We were so amazed as we never expected this much easiness of spotting one of the rarest endemic birds in Sri Lanka, the Sri Lanka Whistling Thrush. It remained there for about 40 mins giving us the maximum opportunity to photograph even though there was a bit of misty condition.

Birding at Horton Plains National Park
Birding at Horton Plains National Park
Birding at Horton Plains National Park
Birding at Horton Plains National Park

Then we started to walk on the loop trail of the Horton Plains which runs through Backers falls and Worlds End. Our team witnessed the breathtaking landscape of Horton Plains with a chilling breeze. We spotted an endemic, rare, and well-known lizard residing in Horton Plains, the Rhino-horned Lizard at the area near to Backer’s waterfall. On the plain’s areas with waste grasslands, we observed Pied Bush chat, Zitting Cisticola, Tricolor Munia, Paddy-field Pipit, Ashy Prinia, Hill Swallow, common Tailorbird, and Brahminy Kite.        

Grassland in Horton Plains National Park
Grassland in Horton Plains National Park

Around 11 AM we left Horton Plains National Park and started moving towards Ella. We stopped at Ella for our lunch and had it with a magnificent view of Ella mountains and widespread valley areas.

View Point of Ella Gap
View Point of Ella Gap

Then there was a request to see an Asian Elephant from one of our clients. Thus, we have decided to do a short visit to Udawalawe National Park, because it is located on the road, we go to Sinharaja Rainforest. 

We reached the Udawalawe at 2.30 PM and did a two-hour safari jeep drive in the Udawalawe National Park. Along with the several elephant herds we were able to add Indian peafowl, Common Hoopoe, Rufous winged Bushlark, Blue-faced Malkoha, Sri Lanka Green Pigeon, Orange-breasted Green Pigeon, Plum-headed Parakeet, Yellow-eyed Babbler, Tawny-bellied Babbler, Gray-breasted Prinia, Jungle Prinia, Indian Roller, Changeable Hawk Eagle, Crested Serpent Eagle, Malabar Pied Hornbill and Pied Cuckoo.

Since this was a fruitful attempt to see elephants plus adding many more birds into our total list, our Chinese tour leader Si Qi decided to add this Udawalawe National Park as a destination to must visit. Because in the original tour plan, we did not consider the Udawalawe National Park as a location for our trip as we highly dedicated the plan to see all the endemic birds.    

Asian Elephants in Udawalawe National Park
Asian Elephants in Udawalawe National Park

As we did our boarding till 5.30 PM, we had to accept the changes in the arrival time to the hotel at Kudawa, Sinharaja area, because it was nearly 9 PM when we reached the Blue Magpie Hotel in Kudawa village. Once our team finished the very late dinner everybody went to sleep because we needed to do early birding in the village next to a great rain forest. 

Day 06: 22nd of July

Early in the morning around 6 am we did a short walk along the village road to see the birds. It was fruitful because we covered several endemic birds and got an opportunity to observe four individuals of Ruddy Mongoose which were crossing the road.

Birding at Kudawa Village, Sinharaja
Birding at Kudawa Village, Sinharaja
Eating fruits at Kudawa Village, Sinaharaja
Eating fruits at Kudawa Village, Sinaharaja

Among the bird species we spotted Sri Lanka Myna, Sri Lanka Hanging Parrot, Sri Lanka Green Pigeon, Sri Lanka Yellow-fronted Barbet, Sri Lanka White throated Flowerpecker/ Legg’s Flower Pecker and Sri Lanka Crested Drongo ticked as endemics. Then we got majestic Rufous bellied Hawk Eagle rooting on a tree just warming up the body with morning sunshine.

Then we came back to the hotel to have our breakfast then went to Ketalapththala trail with off-road Jeeps hosted by Waruna. The main target was to spot the rare and elusive Serendib Scops Owl. We were guided by Mr. Waruna toa day roosting site of Serendib Scops Owl. We were asked to keep calm and observe the owl at safe distance as this species is a globally threatened species, if the roosting site disturbed it will decently affect the survival of this sensitive owl species. 

Spotting the elusive Serendib Scops Owl
Spotting the elusive Serendib Scops Owl
Serendib Scops Owl
Serendib Scops Owl

So, we ask all the bird watchers to behave responsibility and follow ethical bird watching as much as possible for the betterment of the ecology and conservation of these birds. It was very difficult climb to reached the roosting spot but all the team members got chance to observe and photograph the Serendib Scops Owl, a big thank must goes to Mr. Waruna who was the finder and assisted us to reach the spot through difficult terrain. On the way back we spotted a nest of Black-napped Monarch.

After lunch we went to the entrance point of Sinharaja Rain Forest to explore the birds and other wildlife within the protected area. We need to buy tickets and get an official local guide to go inside the rainforest. It was around 3 pm when we reached the entrance point and did some birding there, because the surrounding area is already a rainforest and easy to observe many forest bird and butterfly species either side of the road. 

We saw Dendrolaphis bifinalis an arboreal snake and Sri Lanka Kangaroo Lizard. Further an entire troop of endemic Sri Lanka Purple-faced Leaf Monkey was observed. Our local guide showed us a roosting pair of Ceylon Frogmouth in the Sinharaja rainforest which is very famous roosting spot.

Ceylon Frogmouth
Ceylon Frogmouth

Then we decided to turn back and come to the hotel as the light condition in the rain forest is not good for the photography as it close to nightfall.

Sharp at 4.55pm we spotted a pair of Sri Lanka Chestnut-backed owlets just 100 m away from the main ticketing point towards the village. Actually, one individual was carrying a praying mantis on its beak, suggesting to us that there is an active nest in a nearby area. But the both pairs flew deep into the forest where we cannot observe. However, few of our team members were able to take nice photographs of that pair. All the team were returned to the hotel with an unforgettable experience on tropical birding in a lush rainforest.

Once we went back to the hotel after a few hours of rest, we had our dinner and I did a powerpoint presentation to the entire team on Biodiversity of Sri Lanka. I educated them about the importance of biodiversity and the value of biodiversity conservation and the current condition of biodiversity conservation of Sri Lanka. 

Presentation on Sri Lankan Wildlife by Dr. Salindra
Presentation on Sri Lankan Wildlife by Dr. Salindra
Presentation on Sri Lankan Wildlife by Dr. Salindra

All the members were so happy to listen to it as they never expect to get such educational activity within this birding trip and we never noticed about this on the tour itinerary as well. This is one of the specialties in our team Zigma Tours where we always educate our clients with the most updated scientific facts, where no other tour company still does, to the best of our knowledge.

Therefore, the other tour companies and agents will do this in future and it will be important to spread the knowledge on biodiversity conservation. After my presentation we had a short discussion about Sri Lankan conservation projects and then we concluded the day’s work and went to sleep.   

Day 07: 23rd of July

We woke up at 6.00am and went to Sinharaja Rain Forest from a different road which runs through the village. We went to see the Research and Environmental Education Center (REEC) operated by the Sinharaja Forest Department and educated the team about the Sinharaja World Heritage Site. Our team observed the Sri Lanka Jungle Fowl here. To be honest I was a bit upset that we did not see the Sri Lanka Jungle Fowl before as it is not that difficult to see. But in the REEC we were able to put a tick on that endemic bird as well.

Birding at REEC (Research Education and Environment Center), Sinharaja
Birding at REEC (Research Education and Environment Center), Sinharaja

We went inside the forest with our packed breakfast because we don’t want early morning hours which is brilliant for bird watching. We observed Emerald Dove, Square-tailed Black Bulbul, Common Iora, Legg’s Hawk Eagle, Dark-fronted Babbler, Yellow-browed Bulbul, Orange Minivet, Sri Lanka White-faced Starling, Sri Lanka Myna, Black-napped Monarch, Crested Goshawk, and Sri Lanka Blue Magpie. We walked to the research station which is located 4 km inside the rainforest and had our packed lunch. Here we tried our best to find the Sri Lanka Scaly Thrush but we failed to find it.

Around 1.30 pm we decided to go back and we reached the famous Martin’s Lodge to have a Tea and Coffee there. It was such a nice place to observe the birds while having a coffee as they provide bird feeders. So our team members were able to photograph Sri Lanka White-faced Starling, Emerald Dove, Sri Lanka Blue Magpie, Sri Lanka Gray Hornbill, Sri Lanka Junglefowl, Pale-billed Flowerpecker, and Yellow-browed Bulbul. 

Further two Sri Lanka Purple-faced Leaf Monkeys and Flame-striped Squirrel were observed there. We spent almost two hours at Martin’s Lodge and left there around 4.30 pm. On the way back we were lucky enough to observe a mixed species feeding flock which comprised seven bird species. There were five Sri Lanka Crested Drongo, 12 Sri Lanka Orange-billed Babblers, two Red-faced Malkohas, one Crimson Backed Flameback, four Yellow-browed Bulbuls, one Yellow-fronted Barbet, and one Lesser Yellow-naped Woodpecker. But I’m sure that we might have missed a few species as when we spotted the flock, we assumed it was half of the flock.

We went back to the hotel around 6.30 pm.

Day 08: 24th of July (Departure Day)

Today we again went to Ketalapaththala nature trail to see more birds. Since we needed to check out from the hotel today and leave for Colombo, we did not have much time to spend at the Ketalapaththala area. So, we stayed there from 6.30 am to 9.30 am and went back to the hotel for breakfast. As we did not see the Sri Lanka Green-billed Coucal I asked Mr. Waruna to keep an eye on it because there were pairs in the village area which we can easily see during morning half. 

Sri Lankan Spurfowl
Sri Lankan Spurfowl
Sri Lanka Green-billed Coucal
Sri Lanka Green-billed Coucal

As I thought, Mr. Waruna was able to spot them and notify us so we rushed to the place. Actually, we were very lucky to see the pair of Sri Lanka Green-billed Coucal on a branch near the bank of the freshwater stream. The pair was sun bathing and preening and conditioning the wings thus spent on the branch for more than 30 minutes. I’m so happy as I assisted this team to see 33 endemic bird species within this trip, where only one species we missed was Sri Lanka Scaly Thrush.

After observing the Green-billed Coucal out team went back to the hotel and I asked them to pack all the stuff and checkout. Around 11 am we left the Kudawa and had our lunch at Mathugama. On the way we stopped to see the Asian Open bill as requested by one client. 

We reached the Colombo around 2.30 pm and the departure time at the airport was 8.30 pm for the clients. So, we decided to go back to the Colombo Diyasaru Wetland Park just to see some birds and photograph as it is a fascinating birding location for bird photographers. We did birding and bird photography there until 3.45 pm and left for Bandaranaike International Airport. We reached Negombo at 6.30 pm and we dropped the birding team at the airport around 6.45 pm because we need to be at the airport at least 2 hours before the departure time.

This was the end of a wonderful birding trip which covered 143 bird species including 33 endemics. 

So, we warmly welcome you all to experience an unforgettable birding and wildlife tour with Zigma Tours which is guided by professionals in the field of Ornithology. 

Tour Leaders (Si Qi and Salindra)
Tour Leaders (Si Qi and Salindra)

By Dr. Salindra K. Dayananda (Director Operation)

Bird Checklist of the Tour

Prinia socialis Sykes, 1832Ashy Prinia
Artamus fuscus Vieillot, 1817Ashy Woodswallow
Hypsipetes ganeesa Sykes, 1832Square-tailed Bulbul
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Linnaeus, 1758)Asian Koel/ Western Koel
Anastomus oscitans (Boddaert, 1783)Asian Openbill
Cypsiurus balasiensis (Gray, 1829)Asian Palm-swift
Terpsiphone paradisi (Linnaeus, 1758)Asian Paradise-flycatcher
Hemipus picatus (Sykes, 1832)Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike
Ictinaetus malayensis (Temminck, 1822)Black Eagle
Nycticorax nycticorax (Linnaeus, 1758)Black-crowned Night-heron
Coracina melanoptera (Rüppell, 1839)Black-headed Cuckooshrike
Threskiornis melanocephalus (Latham, 1790)Black-headed Ibis
Oriolus xanthornus (Linnaeus, 1758)Black-hooded Oriole
Hypothymis azurea (Boddaert, 1783)Black-naped Monarch
Himantopus himantopus (Linnaeus, 1758)Black-winged Stilt
Phaenicophaeus viridirostris (Jerdon, 1840)Blue-faced Malkoha
Haliastur indus (Boddaert, 1783)Brahminy Kite
Psilopogon zeylanicus (Gmelin, 1788)Brown-headed Barbet
Bubulcus ibis (Linnaeus, 1758)Cattle Egret
Nisaetus cirrhatus (Gmelin, 1788)Changeable Hawk-eagle
Merops leschenaulti Vieillot, 1817Chestnut-headed Bee-eater
Fulica atra Linnaeus, 1758Common Coot
Aegithina tiphia (Linnaeus, 1758)Common Iora
Alcedo atthis (Linnaeus, 1758)Common Kingfisher
Gallinula chloropus (Linnaeus, 1758)Common Moorhen
Acridotheres tristis (Linnaeus, 1766)Common Myna
Orthotomus sutorius (Pennant, 1769)Common Tailorbird
Psilopogon haemacephalus (Müller, 1776)Coppersmith Barbet
Accipiter trivirgatus (Temminck, 1824)Crested Goshawk
Spilornis cheela (Latham, 1790)Crested Serpent-eagle
Hemiprocne coronata (Tickell, 1833)Crested Treeswift
Rhopocichla atriceps (Jerdon, 1839)Dark-fronted Babbler
Chalcophaps indica (Linnaeus, 1758)Emerald Dove/ Grey-capped Emerald Dove
Upupa epops Linnaeus, 1758Eurasian Hoopoe/ Common Hoopoe
Batrachostomus moniliger Blyth, 1846Frogmouth/ Ceylon Frogmouth
Phalacrocorax carbo (Linnaeus, 1758)Great Cormorant
Ardea alba (Linnaeus, 1758)Great Egret/ Great White Egret
Parus major Linnaeus, 1758Great Tit
Centropus sinensis (Stephens, 1815)Greater Coucal
Ducula aenea (Linnaeus, 1766)Green Imperial-pigeon
Ardea cinerea Linnaeus, 1758Grey Heron
Prinia hodgsonii Blyth, 1844Grey-breasted Prinia
Culicicapa ceylonensis (Swainson, 1820)Grey-headed Canary-flycatcher
Gracula religiosa Linnaeus, 1758Hill Myna
Hirundo domicola Jerdon, 1844Hill Swallow
Corvus splendens Vieillot, 1817House Crow
Passer domesticus (Linnaeus, 1758)House Sparrow
Turdus simillimus Jerdon, 1839Indian Blackbird
Phalacrocorax fuscicollis Stephens, 1826Indian Cormorant
Pavo cristatus Linnaeus, 1758Indian Peafowl
Ardeola grayii (Sykes, 1832)Indian Pond-heron
Saxicoloides fulicatus (Linnaeus, 1766)Indian Robin
Coracias benghalensis (Linnaeus, 1758)Indian Roller
Aerodramus unicolor (Jerdon, 1840)Indian Swiftlet
Ardea intermedia Wagler, 1829Intermediate Egret
Chloropsis jerdoni (Blyth, 1844)Jerdon’s Leafbird/ Blue-winged Leafbird
Corvus levaillantii Lesson, 1831Jungle Crow
Prinia sylvatica Jerdon, 1840Jungle Prinia
Dendrocygna javanica (Horsfield, 1821)Lesser Whistling-duck
Microcarbo niger (Vieillot, 1817)Little Cormorant
Egretta garzetta (Linnaeus, 1766)Little Egret
Tachybaptus ruficollis (Pallas, 1764)Little Grebe
Apus affinis (Gray, 1830)Little Swift/ House Swift
Nectarinia lotenia (Linnaeus, 1766)Long-billed Sunbird
Anthracoceros coronatus (Boddaert, 1783)Malabar Pied Hornbill
Harpactes fasciatus (Pennant, 1769)Malabar Trogon
Nisaetus nipalensis Hodgson, 1836Mountain Hawk-eagle
Treron bicinctus (Jerdon, 1840)Orange-breasted Green-pigeon
Anhinga melanogaster Pennant, 1769Oriental Darter
Ceyx erithaca (Linnaeus, 1758)Oriental Dwarf-kingfisher/ Black-backed Kingfisher
Pernis ptilorhyncus (Temminck, 1821)Oriental Honey-buzzard
Copsychus saularis (Linnaeus, 1758)Oriental Magpie-robin
Zosterops palpebrosus (Temminck, 1824)Oriental White-eye
Anthus rufulus  Vieillot, 1818Paddyfield Pipit
Mycteria leucocephala (Pennant, 1769)Painted Stork
Dicaeum erythrorhynchos (Latham, 1790)Pale-billed Flowerpecker
Hydrophasianus chirurgus (Scopoli, 1786)Pheasant-tailed Jacana
Clamator jacobinus (Boddaert, 1783)Pied Cuckoo/ Jacobin Cuckoo
Prinia inornata Sykes, 1832Plain Prinia
Psittacula cyanocephala (Linnaeus, 1766)Plum-headed Parakeet
Ardea purpurea Linnaeus, 1766Purple Heron
Nectarinia asiatica (Latham, 1790)Purple Sunbird
Nectarinia zeylonica (Linnaeus, 1766)Purple-rumped Sunbird
Pycnonotus cafer (Linnaeus, 1766)Red-vented Bulbul
Vanellus indicus Boddaert, 1783Red-wattled Lapwing
Columba livia Gmelin, 1789Rock Pigeon/ Rock Dove
Psittacula krameri (Scopoli, 1769)Rose-ringed Parakeet
Lophotriorchis kienerii (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1835)Rufous-bellied Eagle
Mirafra affinis Blyth, 1845Rufous-winged Bushlark/ Jerdon’s Bushlark
Lonchura punctulata (Linnaeus, 1758)Scaly-breasted Munia
Pericrocotus flammeus (Forster, 1781)Scarlet Minivet
Accipiter badius (Gmelin, 1788)Shikra
Pericrocotus cinnamomeus (Linnaeus, 1766)Small Minivet
Pelecanus philippensis Gmelin, 1789Spot-billed Pelican
Spilopelia suratensis (Gmelin, 1789)Spotted Dove/ Western Spotted Dove
Argya cinereifrons (Blyth, 1851)Sri Lanka Ashy-headed Laughingthrush
Psilopogon rubricapillus (Gmelin, 1788)Sri Lanka Barbet
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Gmelin, 1789)Sri Lanka Black-capped Bulbul
Pellorneum fuscocapillus (Blyth, 1849)Sri Lanka Brown-capped Babbler
Elaphrornis palliseri (Blyth, 1851)Sri Lanka Bush-warbler
Glaucidium castanotum (Blyth, 1846)Sri Lanka Chestnut-backed Owlet
Dicrurus lophorinus Vieillot, 1817Sri Lanka Crested Drongo
Eumyias sordidus (Walden, 1870)Sri Lanka Dull-blue Flycatcher
Psittacula calthropae (Blyth, 1849)Sri Lanka Emerald-collared Parakeet
Chrysocolaptes stricklandi (Layard, 1854)Sri Lanka Greater Flameback
Centropus chlororhynchos Blyth, 1849Sri Lanka Green-billed Coucal
Treron pompadora (Gmelin, 1789)Sri Lanka Green-pigeon
Ocyceros gingalensis (Shaw, 1811)Sri Lanka Grey Hornbill
Loriculus beryllinus (Forster, 1781)Sri Lanka Hanging-parrot
Gallus lafayettii Lesson, 1831Sri Lanka Junglefowl
Dinopium psarodes (Lichtenstein, 1793)Sri Lanka Lesser Flameback
Urocissa ornata (Wagler, 1829)Sri Lanka Magpie
Gracula ptilogenys Blyth, 1846Sri Lanka Myna
Turdoides rufescens (Blyth, 1847)Sri Lanka Orange-billed Babbler
Phaenicophaeus pyrrhocephalus (Pennant, 1769)Sri Lanka Red-faced Malkoha
Pomatorhinus melanurus Blyth, 1847Sri Lanka Scimitar-babbler
Otus thilohoffmanni Warakagoda & Rasmussen, 2004Sri Lanka Serendib Scops-owl
Geokichla spiloptera (Blyth, 1847)Sri Lanka Spot-winged Thrush
Galloperdix bicalcarata (Forster, 1781)Sri Lanka Spurfowl
Myophonus blighi (Holdsworth, 1872)Sri Lanka Whistling-thrush
Zosterops ceylonensis Holdsworth, 1872Sri Lanka White-eye
Sturnus albofrontatus (Layard, 1854)Sri Lanka White-faced Starling
Dicaeum vincens (Sclater, 1872)Sri Lanka White-throated Flowerpecker
Columba torringtoniae (Blyth & Kelaart, 1853)Sri Lanka Woodpigeon
Tephrodornis affinis Blyth, 1847Sri Lanka Woodshrike
Pycnonotus penicillatus Blyth, 1851Sri Lanka Yellow-eared Bulbul
Psilopogon flavifrons (Cuvier, 1816)Sri Lanka Yellow-fronted Barbet
Cecropis hyperythra (Blyth, 1849)Sri Lanka/ Red-rumped Swallow
Pelargopsis capensis (Linnaeus, 1766)Stork-billed Kingfisher
Dumetia hyperythra (Franklin, 1831)Tawny-bellied Babbler
Cyornis tickelliae Blyth, 1843Tickell’s Blue-flycatcher
Sitta frontalis Swainson, 1820Velvet-fronted Nuthatch
Dicrurus caerulescens (Linnaeus, 1758)White-bellied Drongo
Haliaeetus leucogaster (Gmelin, 1788)White-bellied Sea-eagle
Halcyon smyrnensis (Linnaeus, 1758)White-breasted Kingfisher
Amaurornis phoenicurus (Pennant, 1769)White-breasted Waterhen
Pycnonotus luteolus (Lesson, 1841)White-browed Bulbul
Rhipidura aureola Lesson, 1830White-browed Fantail
Lonchura striata (Linnaus, 1766)White-rumped Munia
Turdoides affinis (Jerdon, 1845)Yellow-billed Babbler
Acritillas indica (Jerdon, 1839)Yellow-browed Bulbul
Chrysomma sinense (Gmelin, 1789)Yellow-eyed Babbler
Cisticola juncidis (Rafinesque, 1810)Zitting Cisticola

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